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Hog  A craft that sags downward at her bow and stern

Hooker  A term describing any older vessel - also a small two-masted craft such as an Irish Galway Hooker

Horns  Protrusions on the sides of a rudder to prevent it turning beyond an allowable angle

In Irons  A sailing craft caught dead to wind and unable to fill her sails on a new tack

Isobar  A line of equal barometric pressure on a weather map

Jack   A small flag flown at the bow, correctly flown  only when not underway

Jackass   A plug for a hawsepipe

Jacobs Ladder  The type of ladder used as a "Pilot's Ladder"

Jews Harp  A shaped shackle for stock anchors

Jigger  The name of a fore-aft sail rigged aft on the mizzen mast

Jumbo  Name of the heavy lift derricks of 100 tonnes or more seen on breakbulk cargo ships

Jury  A temporary or makeshift arrangement repairing damage

Keckling  Old line served around the rope anchor cable before chain cables

Kenning   Term for the distance (about 20 miles) from which high land could be sighted at sea.  Kennen sketches were common on the British Admiralty (BA) coastal charts.

Kentledge  Inboard ballast (¡¡does not include useless crewmembers!!)

Kevel   A large cleat or pair of bitts in sailing vessels

Killick  A simple anchor - also the nickname of a British Royal Navy Leading Rate as it is his rating insignia

Kippage  All the apparel and personnel of a vessel

Knock Off  Stop all work or whatever task is at hand

Good timing - lets knock off for now.

Good Watch

Some 400 of our fellow seafarers are still being held captive by pirates off the coast of Somalia.  Let us work to bring them home.


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A popular U.S.-based cruise ship style
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Several times during the year NAUTICAL LOG has had visitors searching for lifejacket instructions. With two just over Christmas we decided to publish something for everybody to see and read.
Choose a Coast Guard approved life-jacket and make sure it is undamaged. Make sure life-jackets are readily accessible, never locked away. Check the fit, there are adult, child and infant sizes, the correct one MUST be used. Choose bright colour life-jackets so as to be seen easily by Search and Rescue (SAR).Put your life-jacket ON BEFORE you leave the berth. Make sure you have a light and whistle attached AND they BOTH WORK.
Good Watch


This month saw the commissioning into the Irish Naval Service of a new Class of Irish Naval vessel more of the Frigate size than the previously Corvette size.  However they are all classed as Patrol vessels, the new vessel is LÉ Samuel Beckett P61.NAUTICAL LOG wishes her well and a successful service.

The older vessels saw unbelievable service and value for money the first being commissioned in 1979 and continued through the '80's and 90's into the 21st. Century.  During those years in addition to patrolling the stormy seas around the rugged Irish coast they made passages across the Western Ocean to the United States and Canada, south to South America as far as Argentina, and east to Asia as far as Korea.  Such passages are really remarkable for such small vessels and show the competence of Irish seafarers who as Naval Officers and Merchant Marine Officers train together.

Good Watch.


Ships now operate under the International Management Code for Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention (ISM Code).  Since this is a Post on Auditing NAUTICAL LOG, who is a Trained Auditor, will not go through the requirements as these can be found on the Internet and in your local nautical bookshop - you do have a bookshop hopefully as they are a dying breed.  There are two types of Audit an External Audit and an Internal Audit.

The External Audit consists of the Flag State or an outside Auditing Firm coming into the Company and going through all the Protocols, Procedures and associated Manuals.  They may also hold a drill simulating a situation in one of the Company's vessels and observe the results of the Shore Staff dealing with it.  NAUTICAL LOG has been through this experience with two very different Companies and believe me it is a long, difficult, trying day not made any easier by the subsequent debrief.  The External Auditor then prepares a Report which causes a…