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Lace Line   A line used to secure a sail to its yard or spar

Larboard  The old name for 'Port' or the left side of a vessel

Lateen  A trangular fore-aft sail on a long yard

Lazarette   A small hold or locker usually in the stern used for stowage

League  An old measure of three nautical miles

Letter of Marque   A Royal license authorizing a non-naval vessel to act as a 'warship' under the Royal flag

Lewis Bolt   An eyebolt socketed and wedged under deck for extra strength.  Usually fitted when a breakbulk cargo vessel had a heavy-lift derrick

Limbers  Holes   Holes in the frames at bilges level to allow drainage

Loblolly  A porridge usually served to sick crew

Loblolly Boy  A surgeons assistant in a naval vessel

Lobscouse   A hash served to crews

Long Stay  A term used for a long anchor rode

Loof  The taper of the hull toward the bow and stern

Lubber  An ackward or not to bright sailor

Lubber's Hole  The hole in a square-rigger through which the shroud heads pass to the mast

Lyle Gun  A small cannon used to fire a projectile to pass a light line, such as a Breeches Buoy rescue rig

Manhelper  A long pole to which at paintbrush or scraper can be attached

Manifest  A master document of a merchant ship listing her cargo, passengers with details

Mitten Money  The extra pilotage fee charged in very cold weather

Mother Carey's Chicken  A seafaring name for stormy petrels

Mouse  To enclose a hook with small line or wire to prevent it jumping free

Good Watch

There still remain some 400 of our fellow seafarers held ashore and off the coast of Somalia.  There are now quite a few shoddy security outfits trying to make money from this misery.


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Several times during the year NAUTICAL LOG has had visitors searching for lifejacket instructions. With two just over Christmas we decided to publish something for everybody to see and read.
Choose a Coast Guard approved life-jacket and make sure it is undamaged. Make sure life-jackets are readily accessible, never locked away. Check the fit, there are adult, child and infant sizes, the correct one MUST be used. Choose bright colour life-jackets so as to be seen easily by Search and Rescue (SAR).Put your life-jacket ON BEFORE you leave the berth. Make sure you have a light and whistle attached AND they BOTH WORK.
Good Watch


This month saw the commissioning into the Irish Naval Service of a new Class of Irish Naval vessel more of the Frigate size than the previously Corvette size.  However they are all classed as Patrol vessels, the new vessel is LÉ Samuel Beckett P61.NAUTICAL LOG wishes her well and a successful service.

The older vessels saw unbelievable service and value for money the first being commissioned in 1979 and continued through the '80's and 90's into the 21st. Century.  During those years in addition to patrolling the stormy seas around the rugged Irish coast they made passages across the Western Ocean to the United States and Canada, south to South America as far as Argentina, and east to Asia as far as Korea.  Such passages are really remarkable for such small vessels and show the competence of Irish seafarers who as Naval Officers and Merchant Marine Officers train together.

Good Watch.


Ships now operate under the International Management Code for Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention (ISM Code).  Since this is a Post on Auditing NAUTICAL LOG, who is a Trained Auditor, will not go through the requirements as these can be found on the Internet and in your local nautical bookshop - you do have a bookshop hopefully as they are a dying breed.  There are two types of Audit an External Audit and an Internal Audit.

The External Audit consists of the Flag State or an outside Auditing Firm coming into the Company and going through all the Protocols, Procedures and associated Manuals.  They may also hold a drill simulating a situation in one of the Company's vessels and observe the results of the Shore Staff dealing with it.  NAUTICAL LOG has been through this experience with two very different Companies and believe me it is a long, difficult, trying day not made any easier by the subsequent debrief.  The External Auditor then prepares a Report which causes a…